Water Resources Governance in Brazil

image of Water Resources Governance in Brazil

Water is abundant in Brazil, but unevenly distributed across regions and users. Remarkable progress to reform the sector has been achieved since the 1997 National Water Law, but economic, climate and urbanisation trends generate threats that may jeopardize national growth and development. The consequences are particularly acute in regions where tensions across water users already exist or are likely to grow. The report is the result of a policy dialogue with more than 100 stakeholders at different levels in Brazil. It assesses the performance of Brazil’s water governance and suggests policy recommendations for strengthening the co-ordination between federal and state water policies and for setting up more robust water allocation regimes that can better cope with future risks. The report concludes with an action plan, which suggests concrete milestones and champion institutions to implement those recommendations.

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Advancing Brazil's National Pact for Water Management

This chapter focuses on the National Pact for Water Management as a multi-level governance contract aiming to strengthen states’ capacity to manage water resources in an integrated manner. Building on an international review of experiences in contracts across levels of government, the chapter highlights the key features and advantages of the National Pact for Water Management, as well as possible bottlenecks to its implementation, and concludes with recommendations to reap the full benefits of this governance instrument in support to the National Water Resources Management System.

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