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Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean

A Multi-level Approach

image of Water Governance in Latin America and the Caribbean

This report addresses multilevel governance challenges in water policy in the Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC) and identifies good practices for co-ordinating water across ministries, between levels of government, and across local and regional actors.  Based on the OECD Multilevel Governance Framework and a survey on water governance, the report i) maps the allocation of roles and responsibilities in 13 LAC countries’ water policy at central government and sub-national level; ii) identifies the main coordination “gaps” in terms of territorial and institutional fragmentation, funding mismatch, information asymmetry, accountability, objectives and capacity, and iii) provides a range of mechanisms to improve water governance at all levels and foster capacity-building.

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Country profiles

This chapter presents profiles of 13 LAC countries. They have a uniform layout, for ease of comparison. They are based on the responses collected in the framework of the OECD 2011 Survey on Water Governance. Each profile is divided into five sections, which provide:

  • An “institutional mapping” of the allocation of roles and responsibilities in water policy design, regulation and implementation at central government level.
  • An overview of co-ordination challenges and instruments across ministries and public agencies.
  • An “institutional mapping” of the allocation of roles and responsibilities in water policy design, regulation and implementation at sub-national (local and regional) level.
  • An overview of co-ordination challenges and instruments across levels of government and between local actors.
  • An overview of remaining multi-level governance challenges, based on countries’ self-assessment in the OECD 2011 Survey on Water Governance.

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