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The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006–2009

image of The Use of Economic Instruments in Nordic Environmental Policy 2006–2009

The Nordic Council of Ministers publishes regular overview reports on the use of economic instruments in Nordic environmental policy. In this report, Part I presents an overview of the use of economic instruments with the main focus on changes during the years 2006 - 2009. Part II gives a brief overview of mixes of policy instruments (also other than economic instruments) and presents two case studies. There are generally few changes in the use of economic instruments since 2006, except for the introduction of the emissions trading system, EU ETS, and changes in vehicle registration tax systems to become more based on specific fuel use or CO2 emissions. In general, the tax systems could be made more effective and efficient by treating different sectors and fuels more equally.

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Overview of Economic Instruments 2006–2009: Introduction

The main content of part I is an update of the information of the previous report in the TemaNord series (TemaNord, 2006) regarding the use of Economic Instruments (EIs) in the Nordic countries (Sweden, Finland Norway, Denmark and Iceland). The overview does not comprise the Baltic countries (included in the previous report). The previous report focussed on the period up till 2005. The current report has the main focus on the period 2006-2009, and what changes there has been in the design and use of economic instruments in the countries since 2005. The report describes the instruments in use by 1. January 2009, but also briefly mentions changes that are made during the first 6 months of 2009 and will have effect from 2010. The report contains the same type of information as the previous one, and basically follows the same structure.

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