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The Strategic and Responsible Use of Artificial Intelligence in the Public Sector of Latin America and the Caribbean

image of The Strategic and Responsible Use of Artificial Intelligence in the Public Sector of Latin America and the Caribbean

Governments can use artificial intelligence (AI) to design better policies and make better and more targeted decisions, enhance communication and engagement with citizens, and improve the speed and quality of public services. The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region is seeking to leverage the immense potential of AI to promote the digital transformation of the public sector. The OECD, in collaboration with CAF, Development Bank of Latin America, prepared this report to help national governments in the LAC region understand the current regional baseline of activities and capacities for AI in the public sector; to identify specific approaches and actions they can take to enhance their ability to use this emerging technology for efficient, effective and responsive governments; and to collaborate across borders in pursuit of a regional vision for AI in the public sector. This report incorporates a stocktaking of each country’s strategies and commitments around AI in the public sector, including their alignment with the OECD AI Principles. It also includes an analysis of efforts to build key governance capacities and put in place critical enablers for AI in the public sector. It concludes with a series of recommendations for governments in the LAC region.

English Also available in: Spanish

Building key governance capacities

Beyond building trust in AI in the public sector, governments must take action to ensure they have the necessary governance mechanisms and capacities in place to realise their goals and ambitions. At a foundational level, governments that have achieved high levels of digital maturity in their public sector will be best positioned to reap the benefits of AI in the public sector, while overcoming key challenges and pitfalls. This chapter discusses LAC governments’ progress in putting in place foundational governance capacities for AI.

English Also available in: Spanish

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