The State of Public Finances 2015

Strategies for Budgetary Consolidation and Reform in OECD Countries

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For most countries in the OECD, 2015 is the seventh or eighth year of dealing with the budgetary consequences of the economic and financial crisis. These years have been marked by challenges of fiscal retrenchment of a scale and nature unprecedented in modern times. Previous OECD publications have tracked the fiscal policy responses adopted by OECD governments during the early years of the crisis (2007-2012). This book takes stock of how these responses have evolved and in recent years, up to 2014/15. Two points are apparent from the outset: the response to the crisis has had repercussions for virtually every aspect of budgetary governance; and there are clear lessons for governments about the conduct of fiscal policy – including in its institutional aspects – that should inform future decisions and the agenda of budgetary reform.




Since the acute economic shock of 2009, Canada’s economy has proven resilient and has enjoyed steady growth over recent years. However, growth is projected to slow to around 1.1% in 2015 before rising slightly in 2016. The recent fall in oil prices has resulted in declines in related investment and GDP. However, substitution towards nonenergy exports is underway, supported by the currency depreciation and stronger foreignmarket growth. With economic slack fully absorbed, inflation is projected to return to the 2% midpoint of the inflation target range by mid-2016.



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