The Illegal Wildlife Trade in Southeast Asia

Institutional Capacities in Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam

image of The Illegal Wildlife Trade in Southeast Asia

Wildlife crime poses a serious and irrefutable risk to global biodiversity and is a driver of the current global extinction crisis. Southeast Asia accounts for up to a quarter of global demand for illegal wildlife products, and is also both a source and transit region for this transnational trade. This report examines the governance frameworks for countering illegal wildlife trade in Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam. After assessing the effectiveness of several responses to wildlife crime in these countries, the report provides recommendations for strengthening the capacities of the institutions involved and improving strategies to counter illegal wildlife trade.


OECD Structured Interview Questionnaire

The OECD is presently conducting a series of studies on Governance Frameworks to Counter Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT). There are numerous factors that facilitate illegal wildlife trade. Governance gaps, legislative frameworks and other institutional frameworks can create loopholes that are then exploited for nefarious purposes that lead to the decimation of ecological resources. Corruption is also often cited as a major enabling factor in wildlife trafficking. Defined by Transparency International as abuse of entrusted power for private gain, corruption can facilitate wildlife trafficking throughout the supply chain, assuming a range of different forms and involving a range of different actors at each stage. The OECD Recommendation for Public Integrity provides a comprehensive framework for framing a systemic approach to public integrity, developing a culture of public integrity and enabling accountability. The issue of corruption also pervades the wildlife crime area, with a number of policy issues, and possible knowledge gaps around the wildlife crime–corruption nexus.


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