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The Governance of Inclusive Growth

An Overview of Country Initiatives

image of The Governance of Inclusive Growth

Achieving inclusive growth relates closely to how governments work and how policies are designed, implemented, delivered and evaluated. This publication presents an overview of country initiatives concerning inclusive growth in 39 OECD member and partner countries. It was prepared in the context of the OECD Public Governance Ministerial Meetings held in Helsinki, Finland, on 28 October 2015. The publication focuses on four core issues: engaging with citizens and businesses for more inclusive policies and services; innovative policy design for inclusive growth; improving the delivery of services for and with citizens; and, strengthening accountability through better performance management and evaluation.

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Overview of countries' reform initiatives

Over the last thirty years, public sector reforms have focused on making government more responsible and accountable for results. More recently, and particularly following the economic and financial crisis, governments are also coping with questions of legitimacy, where levels of confidence in public institutions are clear indicators of challenges and the perception of the capacity of the public sector to solve problems (or not) is under pressure. Further to the crisis many public sectors took on expanded responsibilities, with governments often having to deal with the cost of financial failures. Exclusion and increasing gaps within societies for access to services and policies such as the labour market, justice, health, and education are also putting pressure on governments to deliver inclusive outcomes. Increased unemployment, particularly among younger generations in a number of countries, has created a debate on who benefits from growth. The realisation that, in some countries, the benefits of growth may have been captured by the very few – with little general improvement in overall living standards – is focusing government attention on delivering inclusive growth (OECD, 2015a).

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