Risk Governance Scan of Kazakhstan

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This report presents the governance framework in Kazakhstan for managing disaster risks. A wide range of disaster risks are present throughout the national territory, primarily floods, landslides, avalanches, but also extreme cold and heatwaves. The report reviews how the central government sets up a national strategy to manage these disaster risks, and how a national risk governance framework is formulated and executed. It examines the role of the private sector and other non-governmental actors in contributing to resilience at a national and subnational level.



Executive summary

Kazakhstan is exposed to a wide range of hazards. Approximately 75% of the country’s territory is exposed to frequent natural hazards, including recurring seasonal floods and droughts, mudflows, avalanches, extreme temperatures and wildfires. Disasters triggered by these hazards incur high economic costs, damage infrastructure and affect the well-being of citizens. 11% of the national territory is considered to be in a high seismic risk zone. Up to 40% of the country’s industrial activities are concentrated in this zone, which is also home to more than 5 million people. Industrial accidents and disruptions to critical infrastructure are also a risk in Kazakhstan. A strategic vision for economic growth and social well-being will need to promote national resilience to disaster risks, and socio-economic development programs should take into account all hazards and threats.


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