Risk Governance Scan of Colombia

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Colombia has launched an ambitious reform to improve its risk governance and boost resilience to disasters. This OECD Disaster Risk Governance Scan reviews Colombia’s progress in implementing the reform against the 2014 OECD Recommendation on the Governance of Critical Risks. The report identifies success factors and good practices in implementing the disaster risk reform agenda, focusing on central government policies and their implementation, and provides a set of recommendations to strengthen Colombia’s efforts in the future.

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National context for disaster risk management in Colombia

Colombia is exposed to a continuously changing risk landscape. Natural hazards, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, as well as floods, droughts and storms threaten most of the country. In addition, new emerging risks, such as natech risks, put Colombia’s disaster risk management system to test. A large-scale influx of migrants from the bordering Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela presents new challenges to managing crises and their longer term implications. Other socio- economic factors have contributed to the continuous increase in disaster risk across the country. Years of armed conflict have resulted in internal displacement and contributed to often unplanned urbanisation in hazard-prone areas. Changes in Colombia’s climate are expected to drive disaster risk in the future.

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