Regulatory Policy in Colombia

Going beyond Administrative Simplification

image of Regulatory Policy in Colombia

Prudent macroeconomic management and recent structural reforms have helped Colombia weather the recent financial crisis remarkably well.  The Government of Colombia has placed particular emphasis on simplifying formalities affecting business and citizens.  In addition, a number of initiatives have been launched to make the administration more transparent and accountable vis-à-vis citizens.

However, after several years in place, this approach needs to be re-shaped , in order to go deeper into the legal background of regulations.  Colombia still lacks a whole-of-government policy for regulatory quality and needs to rethink the institutional set up to implement different regulatory tools in a coherent manner.  It also requires the adoption of a systemic approach to challenge the reasons for and the logic behind formalities (trámites) and, most importantly, regulations.  Furthermore, as in many other countries, the development and application of a comprehensive regulatory governance approach for sub-national governments and multi-level co-ordination are pending issues.

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Regulatory reform and policies in a national context

Chapter 3 describes the administrative and legal environment for regulatory reform in Colombia, including an explanation of the hierarchy of regulations. It explains the core principles and legal instruments that set the policies the Government of Colombia pursues to improve its regulatory quality. In addition, the chapter analyses recent and current regulatory reform initiatives such as the policy for the simplification of formalities, government online, competition advocacy, and regulation inside government. Furthermore, the chapter describes current initiatives of international regulatory co-operation in which Colombia participates. Finally, it provides recommendations for Colombia to develop a formal and explicit regulatory policy.

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