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Regulatory Policy in Colombia

Going beyond Administrative Simplification

image of Regulatory Policy in Colombia

Prudent macroeconomic management and recent structural reforms have helped Colombia weather the recent financial crisis remarkably well.  The Government of Colombia has placed particular emphasis on simplifying formalities affecting business and citizens.  In addition, a number of initiatives have been launched to make the administration more transparent and accountable vis-à-vis citizens.

However, after several years in place, this approach needs to be re-shaped , in order to go deeper into the legal background of regulations.  Colombia still lacks a whole-of-government policy for regulatory quality and needs to rethink the institutional set up to implement different regulatory tools in a coherent manner.  It also requires the adoption of a systemic approach to challenge the reasons for and the logic behind formalities (trámites) and, most importantly, regulations.  Furthermore, as in many other countries, the development and application of a comprehensive regulatory governance approach for sub-national governments and multi-level co-ordination are pending issues.

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Colombia's administrative capacities for making new regulations

This chapter describes the procedures currently in place in Colombia to produce legislation and subordinate regulations and the extent to which core principles of good regulation are applied. It assesses the capacity of the Government of Colombia to produce high quality regulation and to ensure that both, processes and decisions, are transparent to the public. In doing so, the chapter illustrates the use of tools for administrative transparency and predictability, such as forward planning and plain language, the application of regulatory consultation for dialogue with stakeholders, the consideration of alternatives to regulation, and progress and potential for the implementation of Regulatory Impact Analysis. Finally, it provides recommendations to advance and improve the use of these tools.

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