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Regulatory Policy in Chile

Government Capacity to Ensure High-Quality Regulation

image of Regulatory Policy in Chile

One of Chile’s biggest strengths is its very sound macroeconomic framework that reinforces its economic resilience. This is partly based on a prudent regulatory and supervisory framework governing the financial system. Furthermore, the government’s Agenda for Productivity, Innovation and Growth, co-ordinated by the Ministry of Economy with the participation of other ministries and state services, constitutes a good opportunity to use regulatory policy as a driver to reform the policymaking framework of Chile. For example, Chile has already made substantive progress in making regulations more accessible and communicating administrative requirements. However, while in Chile national regulations provide the general framework for administrative procedures and an efficient state administration, the lack of a comprehensive regulatory reform programme has reduced the possibility of achieving even better economic outcomes and unleashing resources to boost productivity. The regulatory policymaking framework lacks some key features seen in other OECD countries (e.g. stakeholder engagement, regulatory impact assessment, oversight body) that would make sure that regulations are designed in the best way. Good practices in rule-making procedures are also rather limited. This review presents the way forward for improving the government’s capacity to ensure high-quality regulation in Chile.

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Reviewing the management of Chile's existing regulations

This chapter discusses the different practices towards managing and rationalising regulations. It shows how even though Chile has not undergone a comprehensive review of regulations and formalities, there have been some efforts to manage the regulatory stock through some projects and programmes. The different techniques that can be used to manage regulations include the Citizen’s Office, Business Desk, Chile Atiende, Chile without red tape, and Chile Click; some of which are part of the Agenda for Productivity, Innovation and Growth. Finally, the chapter also describes the use and implementation of administrative simplification initiatives, centralised registries and one-stop shops by the Chilean government and sets out examples of implementation in other OECD countries.

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