Regulatory Policy in Chile

Government Capacity to Ensure High-Quality Regulation

image of Regulatory Policy in Chile

One of Chile’s biggest strengths is its very sound macroeconomic framework that reinforces its economic resilience. This is partly based on a prudent regulatory and supervisory framework governing the financial system. Furthermore, the government’s Agenda for Productivity, Innovation and Growth, co-ordinated by the Ministry of Economy with the participation of other ministries and state services, constitutes a good opportunity to use regulatory policy as a driver to reform the policymaking framework of Chile. For example, Chile has already made substantive progress in making regulations more accessible and communicating administrative requirements. However, while in Chile national regulations provide the general framework for administrative procedures and an efficient state administration, the lack of a comprehensive regulatory reform programme has reduced the possibility of achieving even better economic outcomes and unleashing resources to boost productivity. The regulatory policymaking framework lacks some key features seen in other OECD countries (e.g. stakeholder engagement, regulatory impact assessment, oversight body) that would make sure that regulations are designed in the best way. Good practices in rule-making procedures are also rather limited. This review presents the way forward for improving the government’s capacity to ensure high-quality regulation in Chile.

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Digital government and administrative simplification in Chile

This chapter describes the current digital government and administrative simplification initiatives being implemented by the government of Chile. It reviews these practices against the framework set by the 2014 OECD Recommendation of the Council on Digital Government Strategies. It focuses on initiatives such as Chile Atiende, Empresa en un día, Escritorio Empresa, and SICEX. Furthermore, it discusses the case of the Chilean ports as the Agenda for Productivity, Innovation and Growth considers logistics one of the main priorities of the country. In addition, it discusses instruments to align different agendas and foster policy coherence, effective collaboration and co-ordination. Finally, it recommends several actions in order to improve the alignment of actions aimed at improving digital government, administrative simplification and service delivery to increase impact.

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