Reforming Sanitation in Armenia

Towards a National Strategy

image of Reforming Sanitation in Armenia

This report assesses the state of Armenia’s sanitation services, which are in poor shape, and proposes ways forward for reforming the sector by: ensuring equitable access by all and identifying solutions that work for the poorest and most remote communities; generating economies of scale and scope, and reducing both investment and operational costs for the efficient delivery of sanitation services; and moving towards sustainable cost recovery for the sanitation sector, by identifying how much funding can be mobilised from within the sector and how much external transfers are required. The state of Armenia’s sanitation services are inadequate, with 51% of the population in rural areas using unimproved facilities, causing direct damage to the environment and exposing inhabitants to health risks, and better access but degraded sewerage-system infrastructure in urban areas, posing health hazards due to potential cross-contamination between sewage and drinking water. According to preliminary estimates, EUR 2.6 billion of investments will be required to meet Armenia’s sanitation needs, with approximately EUR 1 billion needing to be spent in the next 7 to 10 years. Given the country’s current economic situation, this investment will have to be spread over time and targeted to avoid further deterioration of infrastructure and increase of the financing gap.



The state of sanitation services in Armenia, reform objectives and investment needs

This chapter presents the current state of sanitation services in Armenia including environmental impact. It considers the status of sanitation services for rural and urban communities and residential, commercial and industrial users and also forecasts trends on the demand and supply side. The chapter considers the adequacy of service and operational considerations throughout the sanitation supply chain from collection, to treatment and discharge and reuse. This chapter analyses the investment needs for the sanitation sector in Armenia and considers objectives such as achieving universal coverage with “improved” sanitation and investment in new wastewater treatment facilities. It also considers the need for strategic investment to mitigate deterioration of existing infrastructure.


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