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Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Case Studies on Policy Reform

image of Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

The MENA-OECD Governance Programme supports public sector reform in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Since its inception in 2003, the programme has helped the region to improve institutions for good governance through continuous policy review and reform.

The need to accelerate economic growth has been the primary impetus, but MENA governments are increasingly implementing reform to improve public sector performance and to meet citizens’ needs for higher quality education and health care, a safer and cleaner environment, and transparent and responsive government. Going forward, reforms will also be driven by equity and sustainability concerns.

This report offers a perspective on the progress made in public management in the MENA region since 2005. It reviews achievements in implementing public governance reform in nine areas: human resource management, public finance, integrity, regulation and law drafting, administrative simplification, e-government, public-private partnerships, gender, and water resource management. The report presents case studies on key policy reforms and outlines common characteristics across the region as well as the specific conditions and circumstances in MENA countries and economies.

English

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The Challenges of Water Governance in MENA Countries

In a global context of rarefaction of water resources, climate change and economic recession, many challenges can be overcome through efficient governance. Peculiarly, there is a need for better co-ordination among actors in charge of water policy design and implementation at central and sub-central government levels. Despite the diversity of national systems, MENA countries’ experiences in reforming water policies have underlined common concerns undermining the efficient implementation of water policies, i.e. unclear, fragmented and overlapping responsibilities; lack of capacity and financing; and insufficient stakeholders’ participation. Even with the need for locally tailored policies, a regional shared vision is required to benefit from common understanding. This chapter analyses water governance challenges in the MENA region and discusses the reforms underway in four countries in terms of regulation and private sector participation (Egypt), river basin organisation and citizen’s involvement (Morocco), development of a legal framework (Palestinian National Authority) and integrated water resources management (Tunisia).

English

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