Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Case Studies on Policy Reform

image of Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

The MENA-OECD Governance Programme supports public sector reform in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Since its inception in 2003, the programme has helped the region to improve institutions for good governance through continuous policy review and reform.

The need to accelerate economic growth has been the primary impetus, but MENA governments are increasingly implementing reform to improve public sector performance and to meet citizens’ needs for higher quality education and health care, a safer and cleaner environment, and transparent and responsive government. Going forward, reforms will also be driven by equity and sustainability concerns.

This report offers a perspective on the progress made in public management in the MENA region since 2005. It reviews achievements in implementing public governance reform in nine areas: human resource management, public finance, integrity, regulation and law drafting, administrative simplification, e-government, public-private partnerships, gender, and water resource management. The report presents case studies on key policy reforms and outlines common characteristics across the region as well as the specific conditions and circumstances in MENA countries and economies.



Public Finance Management Trends in the MENA Region

Sustainable public finance is a major governance challenge for MENA and OECD countries alike. Many countries are launching reforms in financial governance. This chapter scrutinises two interrelated and ambitious reform strands in public finance for most countries in the MENA region: i) adopting a medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF) and a programme structure for the expenditures budget; and ii) using a performance budgeting framework for designing and carrying out improvements in service delivery and targeting. The chapter presents a global view of these reforms, and focuses on four case studies to demonstrate how reform initiatives have progressed from plan to realisation: creating a regional Public Finance Training Institute (PFTI) in Egypt, eliminating subsidies in Jordan, implementing a performance-based budget reform in Morocco, and switching to a dynamic debt management system in Tunisia.


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