Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Case Studies on Policy Reform

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The MENA-OECD Governance Programme supports public sector reform in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Since its inception in 2003, the programme has helped the region to improve institutions for good governance through continuous policy review and reform.

The need to accelerate economic growth has been the primary impetus, but MENA governments are increasingly implementing reform to improve public sector performance and to meet citizens’ needs for higher quality education and health care, a safer and cleaner environment, and transparent and responsive government. Going forward, reforms will also be driven by equity and sustainability concerns.

This report offers a perspective on the progress made in public management in the MENA region since 2005. It reviews achievements in implementing public governance reform in nine areas: human resource management, public finance, integrity, regulation and law drafting, administrative simplification, e-government, public-private partnerships, gender, and water resource management. The report presents case studies on key policy reforms and outlines common characteristics across the region as well as the specific conditions and circumstances in MENA countries and economies.



Public Employment and Reform of Human Resources Management in MENA Countries

This chapter discusses how the countries of the MENA region are moving from traditional personnel management systems, weakly professionalised and routine-driven, towards integrated human resources management strategies using performance-based tools. To support this change, most of the MENA countries have also revised their civil service legal framework in the past few years or are in the process of doing so. The public administration is still seen as the employer of first and last resort, particularly in countries struggling to create jobs for young market entrants. At the same time, MENA governments shape new HRM rules to favour private sector job creation so as to reduce reliance on the government as the major employer. This chapter presents the case of Bahrain, Egypt and Morocco to illustrate how reform efforts are mainly driven by the need to build more sustainable and responsive public workforce policies.


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