Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Case Studies on Policy Reform

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The MENA-OECD Governance Programme supports public sector reform in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Since its inception in 2003, the programme has helped the region to improve institutions for good governance through continuous policy review and reform.

The need to accelerate economic growth has been the primary impetus, but MENA governments are increasingly implementing reform to improve public sector performance and to meet citizens’ needs for higher quality education and health care, a safer and cleaner environment, and transparent and responsive government. Going forward, reforms will also be driven by equity and sustainability concerns.

This report offers a perspective on the progress made in public management in the MENA region since 2005. It reviews achievements in implementing public governance reform in nine areas: human resource management, public finance, integrity, regulation and law drafting, administrative simplification, e-government, public-private partnerships, gender, and water resource management. The report presents case studies on key policy reforms and outlines common characteristics across the region as well as the specific conditions and circumstances in MENA countries and economies.


Ensuring the Efficient Use of Public-private Partnerships in MENA Countries

Public-private partnerships represent a real opportunity for the countries of the MENA region, which often have high infrastructure requirements but low quality public service performance. The growing trend towards public-private partnering is being driven by citizens’ demands for better quality services. An efficient use of PPPs in MENA countries would help governments to balance the budget and to improve the effectiveness of public service delivery. Given that PPPs are usually complex long-term contracts of high value, they will influence public services in the MENA region for the foreseeable future. Through the case studies of Tunisia and Jordan, this chapter shows how governments in the region are implementing ambitious PPP policies, focusing on public decisionmaking, adaptation of PPP legal frameworks and strategies to strengthen administrative capacities for PPP contract design, negotiation and implementation. These two cases demonstrate that PPPs can accelerate improvements to public infrastructure, better service quality, and economic growth.


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