Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

Case Studies on Policy Reform

image of Progress in Public Management in the Middle East and North Africa

The MENA-OECD Governance Programme supports public sector reform in the Middle East and North African (MENA) region. Since its inception in 2003, the programme has helped the region to improve institutions for good governance through continuous policy review and reform.

The need to accelerate economic growth has been the primary impetus, but MENA governments are increasingly implementing reform to improve public sector performance and to meet citizens’ needs for higher quality education and health care, a safer and cleaner environment, and transparent and responsive government. Going forward, reforms will also be driven by equity and sustainability concerns.

This report offers a perspective on the progress made in public management in the MENA region since 2005. It reviews achievements in implementing public governance reform in nine areas: human resource management, public finance, integrity, regulation and law drafting, administrative simplification, e-government, public-private partnerships, gender, and water resource management. The report presents case studies on key policy reforms and outlines common characteristics across the region as well as the specific conditions and circumstances in MENA countries and economies.



Ensuring High Quality Regulation

Regulation is a crucial instrument for economic and social development. Efforts to improve regulatory quality have been a central part of governance reform across the MENA region. MENA countries have improved legislative drafting capacities in recognition of their role in improving regulation. Given the volume of current regulatory activity, political and institutional commitment is pivotal to improve the quality of regulation in general, and legislative drafting capacities in particular. The four case studies presented in this chapter explore the legislative drafting process, identify guidelines to ensure technical and procedural consistency in drafting, and outline training activities and programmes for legislative drafters. The experiences highlighted in Egypt, Jordan, the Palestinian National Authority and Tunisia call attention to several positive initiatives in: i) policy development; ii) drafting, developing and managing the stock of legislation; and iii) support for drafting. The case studies illustrate some approaches that can be encouraged more widely within the MENA region.


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