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Open Government in Salé, Morocco

image of Open Government in Salé, Morocco

The report analyses legal and institutional frameworks, public policies and open government practices in the municipality of Salé in Morocco. In the context of a new legal framework for local authorities adopted in 2015, it provides recommendations to the municipality for setting up a more strategic and coherent approach to open government initatives, as well as for establishing new mechanisms for participation, transparency and accountability.

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Open government and the regionalisation process

Morocco has made the choice of enshrining the principles of open government in its 2011 Constitution, also for subnational governments. Article 139 of the Constitution stipulates that “participatory mechanisms for dialogue and consultation are put in place by regional councils and the councils of other local authorities to promote the involvement of citizens and associations in the formulation and monitoring of development programmes.” This dynamic fits into the process of advanced regionalisation (régionalisation avancée) promoted in order to strengthen the competences of municipalities and regions (through the principle of self-government (libre administration), Article 136 of the Constitution) and to foster local policies that are more open, more transparent and more effective. The distribution of competences among local authorities (regions, provinces, prefectures and municipalities) is now based on the principle of subsidiarity, with their own competences, competences shared with the State and transferable competences (OECD, 2017[6]). According to this distribution of competences, municipalities have responsibility for the provision of local public services. As a result, they can be more closely attuned to citizens’ needs and are on the frontline when it comes to citizens’ demands for accountability (see ).

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