Open Government in Morocco

image of Open Government in Morocco

The Open Government Review of Morocco is the first of its kind analysing a country’s open government policies and practices and their institutional and legal frameworks for implementation against OECD instruments. By bringing together a multitude of OECD instruments and expertise in different areas of public governance, the Review provides Moroccan policy makers, public sector officials and civil society activists with practical indications on how to improve and successfully implement their national open government agenda. In addition, the Review contains a list of recommendations on which to build Morocco’s Action Plan for the Open Government Partnership.

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Assessment and recommendations

The process of political liberalisation in Morocco largely preceded the so-called Arab Spring. Unlike most Arab countries, Morocco had set up a multiparty system following its national independence in 1956. Since then, the recognition of political pluralism was linked to the central position of the Monarchy, a fundamental factor in Moroccan politics due to the executive, legislative and judicial powers assigned to the King Mohamed VI. The Moroccan political system strikes a delicate balance between tradition and modernity. The traditional practice of political and economic power by the monarchy through a diffuse network of notables (the Makhzen, always present in political studies Morocco) was gradually adapted to the institutions of a modern constitutional system, yet without disappearing.

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