Open Government Data Report

Enhancing Policy Maturity for Sustainable Impact

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This report provides an overview of the state of open data policies across OECD member and partner countries, based on data collected through the OECD Open Government Data survey (2013, 2014, 2016/17), country reviews and comparative analysis. The report analyses open data policies using an analytical framework that is in line with the OECD OUR data Index and the International Open Data Charter. It assesses governments’ efforts to enhance the availability, accessibility and re-use of open government data. It makes the case that beyond countries’ commitment to open up good quality government data, the creation of public value requires engaging user communities from the entire ecosystem, such as journalists, civil society organisations, entrepreneurs, major tech private companies and academia. The report also underlines how open data policies are elements of broader digital transformations, and how public sector data policies require interaction with other public sector agendas such as open government, innovation, employment, integrity, public budgeting, sustainable development, urban mobility and transport. It stresses the relevance of measuring open data impacts in order to support the business case for open government data.

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Towards effective implementation of open government data policies

This chapter discusses how a different set of actions and measures can all contribute to sustained, effective and efficient implementation of open government data policies. For example, fostering the implementation of an open-data-by-default culture, developing organisational capacities in the public sector and promoting data literacy more broadly across the ecosystem of re-users are all intermediate steps that, if planned and executed adequately, can become important preconditions for strategic publication and use of open data. This chapter discusses the approaches countries have followed in relation to these aspects and highlights the relevance of user engagement, policy dissemination, communication actions, and user-capacity-building initiatives for implementation.

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