OECD Territorial Reviews: Bergamo, Italy

image of OECD Territorial Reviews: Bergamo, Italy

This follow-up to the 2001 OECD Territorial Review of Bergamo monitors progress over the past 15 years and reassesses the main development challenges the region faces. Globalisation has intensified international competition in Bergamo’s traditional manufacturing sector, and the global financial crisis has exacerbated some of the structural weaknesses of Bergamo’s traditional industrial sectors. The region needs to upgrade production processes to generate more added value in economic activities to remain competitive. The review offers recommendations to help Bergamo transition to higher value-added and more technologically intensive activities. In particular, it calls for: a development plan supported by all local actors; a strategy for improving the skills of the adult population through education and training programmes; stimulating innovation systems; attracting foreign direct investment; and, finally, strategies for boosting the competitiveness of small and medium-sized enterprises.



Challenges and opportunities for Bergamo

This chapter provides a description of the general socio-economic framework of the province of Bergamo, along with an assessment of the challenges and opportunities faced by the province. In particular, the first section provides an analysis of the macroeconomic and regulatory settings of the Italian economy, which represent the economic and institutional contexts within which the economy of Bergamo operates. Then, a detailed description of the territory and demographic structure of Bergamo is provided. Next, the analysis focuses on the economic trends and performance of the province of Bergamo, identifying the main challenges and opportunities for Bergamo. Finally, the last section discusses the possibility of a strategic approach to local governance that can facilitate the implementation of regional development policies.


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