OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies: Italy 2010

Review of the Italian National Civil Protection System

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This OECD review of risk management policies focuses on the Italian civil protection system and its means to prepare for and react to earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, landslides and even volcanoes. The Italian National Civil Protection Service can rapidly mobilise operational resources for emergency management and recovery both at home, throughout Europe and around the world. Its components constantly research known hazards to better understand and model vulnerabilities, while technical experts co-operate in real time to monitor events as they unfold and operate the early warning systems. These professionals are supported by a highly organised and motivated volunteer service unseen elsewhere in OECD countries. What makes these many parts of the civil protection system work as one effective whole, however, is its governance structure under the direct authority of the Italian Prime Minister.  

Recent years have seen a steep increase in the frequency and economic impacts of disasters, and Italy has been no exception. In addition to increased seasonal variance linked to climate change, the devastating earthquakes around L’Aquilla in 2009 make Italy a case study for policy-makers, emergency management practitioners, academics and international organisations who are searching for solutions, notably in the areas of disaster damage reduction policies. The Italian civil protection system offers a rich source of best practices for their consideration. The National Department of Civil Protection in particular, as the hub of the National Civil Protection Service, provides a model of professionalism and leadership. The review report also identifies many challenges facing the Italian civil protection system and areas where improvements are still needed.



Annex D

Presentation of INGV, RELUIS and the EUCENTRE

The Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) is part of the National Civil Protection Service and provides in accordance with legal requirements basic hazard data and knowledge and monitors volcanoes and earthquakes. It is not the task of INGV to develop risk analysis and assess vulnerabilities in respect to the population. The Seismic law has established the zones to be studied carefully and education has been introduced for engineers on how to conduct seismic stress studies for buildings. In Italy there are no well defined seismogenic structures as in some other parts of the world where these can be closely linked to the interfaces between the continental plates. INGV is responsible for the National Earthquake Centre, yearly funded by DPC, which can give DPC precise information within 2 minutes on the location and magnitude of seismic activity based on a well-meshed and dense seismometric network for providing real-time information on the occurrence of incidents.


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