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OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies: Italy 2010

Review of the Italian National Civil Protection System

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This OECD review of risk management policies focuses on the Italian civil protection system and its means to prepare for and react to earthquakes, floods, tsunamis, landslides and even volcanoes. The Italian National Civil Protection Service can rapidly mobilise operational resources for emergency management and recovery both at home, throughout Europe and around the world. Its components constantly research known hazards to better understand and model vulnerabilities, while technical experts co-operate in real time to monitor events as they unfold and operate the early warning systems. These professionals are supported by a highly organised and motivated volunteer service unseen elsewhere in OECD countries. What makes these many parts of the civil protection system work as one effective whole, however, is its governance structure under the direct authority of the Italian Prime Minister.  

Recent years have seen a steep increase in the frequency and economic impacts of disasters, and Italy has been no exception. In addition to increased seasonal variance linked to climate change, the devastating earthquakes around L’Aquilla in 2009 make Italy a case study for policy-makers, emergency management practitioners, academics and international organisations who are searching for solutions, notably in the areas of disaster damage reduction policies. The Italian civil protection system offers a rich source of best practices for their consideration. The National Department of Civil Protection in particular, as the hub of the National Civil Protection Service, provides a model of professionalism and leadership. The review report also identifies many challenges facing the Italian civil protection system and areas where improvements are still needed.

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Annex B

Critical infrastructure operator components within NCPS

The Civil Aviation Authority of Italy (ENAC) is the national regulator in the technical, economical and operational aviation field and certifies airlines, airports, air navigation service providers (ANSP), manufacturers, maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) organisations, ground handlers, etc. ENAC is engaged in dealing with the diverse regulatory aspects of air transport system and performs monitoring functions related to the enforcement of the adopted rules regulating administrative and economical issues. Its core business is doubtless represented by safety control, in its double meaning of safety and security, according to internationally agreed terms of reference. Safety is understood as the safe planning, construction, maintenance and exploitation of aircraft, as well as the skill assessment of air carriers and inflight personnel. Security is meant as the land-side safeguard of passengers, on board aircraft, inside and outside the airports, aimed at the prevention of illicit acts. ENAC represents Italy in the major international civil aviation organisations such as ICAO , ECAC, EASA and the European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol) with which ENAC undertakes a continuous dialogue and co-operation. The specific tasks in NCPS in the event of an emergency include the supply of information regarding the operability and capacity of airports, air routes and heliports in the areas affected by the emergency as well as adoption of necessary regulations, in order to facilitate rescue operations, limiting ordinary and commercial flight activities in the airports concerned by the event and identifying alternative intermediate stops and rerouting air traffic.

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