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OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Russia 2005

Building Rules for the Market

image of OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Russia 2005
This review of regulatory reform in Russia covers the overall economic context for regulatory reform, the government’s capacity to manage regulatory reform, competition policy and enforcement, and market openness. The review also examines specifically the regulatory framework in the electricity and railway sectors.  The analysis in this review assesses Russia against a number of OECD instruments. At the same time, the review has been adjusted to take into account the specific regulatory challenges faced by the Russian authorities, as well as administrative re-organisation required.

The review contains comprehensive and detailed policy recommendations that will assist the Russian authorities in structuring and implementing regulatory reforms in order to boost economic growth, job creation, innovation and investment. The review will also help the authorities develop a more comprehensive approach in order to produce results more quickly.

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Executive Summary

Since the break-up of the command and control system in 1992, regulatory reform in Russia has been both an instrument and a product of change. In the Soviet era, government involvement in economic activity was pervasive. State action substituted for market mechanisms. Regulation as it is practiced in developed market economies did not exist – it was not needed in a centrally-planned economy.

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