OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Italy 2009

Better Regulation to Strengthen Market Dynamics

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This review presents a general picture of the overall regulatory reform frameworks in Italy, examining quality regulation, competition policy and professional services. The review also offers a special focus on multi-level governance, where key issues include local public services, commercial distribution, local transport and energy.

The review finds that Italy has made significant progress using regulatory reform since the first OECD review in 2001. Administrative simplification and the increasing role of competition policy, combined with devolution of state powers to regions, have helped. But there are still key challenges for regulatory policy and its implementation, including enforcement, capacity in the civil service, impact analysis for evidence-based decision-making, and building a culture of consultation. The current global economic crisis is an opportunity for Italy to further clarify how the state intervenes in the economy, to improve multi-level co-ordination, and to expand competition in specific sectors.



Local Transport

This chapter discusses the core challenges for the regulation of local transport in Italy, including the general structure, the role of subsidies and the impact of EU regulations. A number of comparisons with other European countries are performed. The chapter presents the drivers for regulatory reform in local public transports, as well as the limits to the reforms. The regulatory framework of a set of selected Italian regions is presented in further detail, in terms of its interaction with the national level, the policies for minimum services, planning for services and investment, as well as implications from a competition perspective. The chapter also covers strategies to regulate service quality, as well as the role for consultation and regulatory impact analysis on policy development in this sector. Finally, the issues of the co-ordination within integrated transport systems are considered. A brief introduction to the Italian 2006 taxi reform is also presented.


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