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OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Italy 2009

Better Regulation to Strengthen Market Dynamics

image of OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform: Italy 2009
This review presents a general picture of the overall regulatory reform frameworks in Italy, examining quality regulation, competition policy and professional services. The review also offers a special focus on multi-level governance, where key issues include local public services, commercial distribution, local transport and energy.

The review finds that Italy has made significant progress using regulatory reform since the first OECD review in 2001. Administrative simplification and the increasing role of competition policy, combined with devolution of state powers to regions, have helped. But there are still key challenges for regulatory policy and its implementation, including enforcement, capacity in the civil service, impact analysis for evidence-based decision-making, and building a culture of consultation. The current global economic crisis is an opportunity for Italy to further clarify how the state intervenes in the economy, to improve multi-level co-ordination, and to expand competition in specific sectors.

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Government Capacity to Assure High-quality Regulation

This chapter assesses government capacity to assure high-quality regulation in Italy, including regulatory institutions, tools and policies. It discusses capacity for reform, including the mechanisms in the executive and the role of Parliament, as well as sectoral regulatory authorities and the co-ordination with the European Union. The chapter analyses the transparency and predictability of the regulatory framework. It discusses the strategies for improving the quality of new regulation in Italy, including Regulatory Impact Analysis and the search for alternatives. Finally, it discusses the strategies for improving the regulatory stock. This covers the recent progress with legislative simplification and the introduction of the “Guillotine Clause”. It also reviews recent efforts towards administrative simplification, including the measurement and reduction of administrative burdens, and efforts coupling simplification and ICT innovation.

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