OECD Review of Risk Management Policies Morocco

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This study analyses initiatives undertaken in Morocco to support the management of critical risks. It covers steps taken by central government and local authorities, research centres, the private sector, and civil society. It focuses particularly on questions relating to the governance of risks, co-ordination, and the engagement of key stakeholders. The analysis looks at the entire risk management cycle, including risk assessment, prevention and mitigation, emergency response and management, recovery and reconstruction. It also identifies the challenges that Morocco still needs address in order to improve the resilience of its economy and society to critical risks.

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Risk prevention in Morocco

Due to external factors such as climate change or internal forces like demographic growth and urbanisation, Morocco finds itself increasingly exposed to critical risks, especially those of natural origin. Improving the country’s resilience when confronted with such risks can only be achieved through wide-ranging preventive measures. This chapter assesses these structural and non-structural measures. These involve risk culture, town and land-use planning, improving the resilience of critical networks and ensuring the continuity of business activity, as well as managing hazards through protection infrastructure. Seeking synergy between different actors combined with preventive measures will help strengthen Moroccan society’s resilience in the event of a critical risk.

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