OECD Review of Risk Management Policies Morocco

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This study analyses initiatives undertaken in Morocco to support the management of critical risks. It covers steps taken by central government and local authorities, research centres, the private sector, and civil society. It focuses particularly on questions relating to the governance of risks, co-ordination, and the engagement of key stakeholders. The analysis looks at the entire risk management cycle, including risk assessment, prevention and mitigation, emergency response and management, recovery and reconstruction. It also identifies the challenges that Morocco still needs address in order to improve the resilience of its economy and society to critical risks.

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Principal risks in Morocco

Morocco is exposed to a variety of risks of natural, industrial or human-induced origin. Among these risks, the greatest in terms of potential impact on the human population and economy, are floods, drought, earthquakes and tsunami. These risks could affect numerous regions across the country. This chapter provides an overview of the main risks threatening Morocco and it examines their corresponding socio-economic vulnerabilities. Factors aggravating these vulnerabilities – such as climate change – must be taken into consideration in the future. These risks are therefore of growing concern for Morocco.

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