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OECD Review of Risk Management Policies Morocco

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This study analyses initiatives undertaken in Morocco to support the management of critical risks. It covers steps taken by central government and local authorities, research centres, the private sector, and civil society. It focuses particularly on questions relating to the governance of risks, co-ordination, and the engagement of key stakeholders. The analysis looks at the entire risk management cycle, including risk assessment, prevention and mitigation, emergency response and management, recovery and reconstruction. It also identifies the challenges that Morocco still needs address in order to improve the resilience of its economy and society to critical risks.

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Executive summary

The implementation of an ambitious risk management policy in Morocco is essential to guarantee continued inclusive growth and maintain public trust by combining economic progress and greater social inclusion. Morocco is exposed to a number of risks. Natural hazards as well as industrial accidents or human risks can have serious potential socio-economic consequences. The country’s heterogeneous risk profile is characterised by floods that occur on an almost annual basis, increasingly frequent periods of drought, earthquake zones in the north and south of the country, and a coastline exposed to tsunamis. The significant acceleration of economic growth over the past few years has been accompanied by an increase in vulnerabilities, including urban concentration, rural exodus and coastal development, integration into the global value chains, tighter budgetary constraints, and climate change. In addition, the current social and political context is characterised by high expectations from Moroccan citizens, which is making risk management a particularly important public policy issue in the country.

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