OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015

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Regulations are the rules that govern the everyday life of businesses and citizens. They are an essential instrument in the hands of government to promote economic growth, social welfare and environmental protection. However, regulations can also be costly and ineffective in achieving their objectives. The Regulatory Policy Outlook is the first evidence-based analysis of the progress made by countries to improve the way they regulate. Based on a unique survey filled by all OECD countries and the European Commission, the Outlook assesses progress in establishing the conditions for good regulation. It provides unique insights into the organisation and institutional settings in countries to design, enforce and revise regulations. It uncovers the areas of the regulatory cycle that receive too limited attention from policy makers, and identifies actors who have an important part to play to improve the way regulations are developed, implemented and evaluated. It reviews the use of three critical tools of regulatory policy (Regulatory Impact Assessment, stakeholder engagement and ex post evaluation) and proposes options to use them in a more strategic manner to inform the development and delivery of regulations.

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Mexico’s regulatory policy is formally established in the Federal Law of Administrative Procedure (LFPA). Mexico’s efforts on regulatory policy date from the mid 80’s. In 2000, reforms to LFPA were introduced to give birth to the main current institutional arrangements of regulatory policy in Mexico. The LFPA defines the main elements of this policy which include the establishment of the Federal Commission for Regulatory Improvement (COFEMER) as the oversight body, the responsibilities of line ministries and regulators as part of the better regulation policy, as well as the establishment of tools for regulatory improvement, such as Regulatory Impact Assessment (RIA), administrative simplification, and consultation. COFEMER is also in charge of co-ordinating the forward planning regulatory agenda; it provides advice to sub-national governments, reviews the stock of regulation, and can suggest reforms to the President.

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