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OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015

image of OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015

Regulations are the rules that govern the everyday life of businesses and citizens. They are an essential instrument in the hands of government to promote economic growth, social welfare and environmental protection. However, regulations can also be costly and ineffective in achieving their objectives. The Regulatory Policy Outlook is the first evidence-based analysis of the progress made by countries to improve the way they regulate. Based on a unique survey filled by all OECD countries and the European Commission, the Outlook assesses progress in establishing the conditions for good regulation. It provides unique insights into the organisation and institutional settings in countries to design, enforce and revise regulations. It uncovers the areas of the regulatory cycle that receive too limited attention from policy makers, and identifies actors who have an important part to play to improve the way regulations are developed, implemented and evaluated. It reviews the use of three critical tools of regulatory policy (Regulatory Impact Assessment, stakeholder engagement and ex post evaluation) and proposes options to use them in a more strategic manner to inform the development and delivery of regulations.

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Italy

A number of reforms have been introduced since 2008 to improve regulation. For example, RIA is required for all legislation initiated by the executive, with the legislative department of the Prime Minister’s Office (DAGL) providing oversight and guidance. Ex ante and ex post assessment are linked through a requirement to identify ex ante progress indicators to be assessed two years after the entry into force. An extensive measurement of administrative burdens and the repeal of redundant laws were undertaken between 2008 and 2012 by the public administration department of the Prime Minister’s Office (DFP), and in 2014 a new burden reduction programme was adopted. Consultation is required for all primary and subordinate legislation initiated by the executive, and some consultations have taken place through the use of new media. A reform of the existing legislation on regulatory policy tools, including RIAs, ex post evaluation and stakeholder consultation, is planned for 2015.

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