OECD Regulatory Policy Outlook 2015

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Regulations are the rules that govern the everyday life of businesses and citizens. They are an essential instrument in the hands of government to promote economic growth, social welfare and environmental protection. However, regulations can also be costly and ineffective in achieving their objectives. The Regulatory Policy Outlook is the first evidence-based analysis of the progress made by countries to improve the way they regulate. Based on a unique survey filled by all OECD countries and the European Commission, the Outlook assesses progress in establishing the conditions for good regulation. It provides unique insights into the organisation and institutional settings in countries to design, enforce and revise regulations. It uncovers the areas of the regulatory cycle that receive too limited attention from policy makers, and identifies actors who have an important part to play to improve the way regulations are developed, implemented and evaluated. It reviews the use of three critical tools of regulatory policy (Regulatory Impact Assessment, stakeholder engagement and ex post evaluation) and proposes options to use them in a more strategic manner to inform the development and delivery of regulations.

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Germany has made significant improvements to its regulatory policy system over the last years. In 2013, the government introduced systematic ex post evaluation of regulations that create over EUR 1 million compliance costs p.a.; and in 2011, it improved its cost assessments for ex ante impact assessments which are conducted for all regulations and are subject to quality control by the independent National Regulatory Control Council with the involvement of the National Statistical Office. The Minister of State to the Federal Chancellor for Better Regulation is responsible for promoting government-wide progress on better regulation and a dedicated unit in the Chancellery co-ordinates and monitors the programme on the reduction of bureaucracy and better regulations. The Ministries of the Interior and of Justice and Consumer Protection examine whether the envisaged regulation is consistent with the existing legal system and other regulations.

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