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OECD Regions and Cities at a Glance 2018

image of OECD Regions and Cities at a Glance 2018

This report looks at how regions and cities across the OECD are progressing towards stronger economies, higher quality of life for their citizens and more inclusive societies. This edition presents regional and metropolitan updates for more than 40 indicators to assess disparities within countries and their evolution since the turn of the new millennium. The report covers all OECD countries and, where data is available, Brazil, People’s Republic of China, Colombia, Lithuania, Peru, the Russian Federation, Tunisia and South Africa.

Three new features characterise this edition. First, an assessment migrant integration, based on new indicators produced for OECD regions. Second, recent trends on entrepreneurship in regions, with new indicators on creation and destruction of firms and on the jobs associated with such dynamics. Third, an assessment of socio-economic conditions, inequalities and poverty in metropolitan areas and their neighbourhoods.

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Executive summary

The maturing economic recovery from the global financial crisis has coincided with signs of a more widespread decrease in economic disparities within countries. Between 2000 and 2007, regional disparities within countries had increased. At the same time, low-income countries were catching up economically. This resulted in a situation – at the beginning of the global financial crisis – where disparities within countries surpassed those between countries. This trend has reversed since 2011, with disparities within countries falling significantly, especially in the last few years. The reversal occurred first in non-European countries, spreading only more recently to Europe where economic recovery had been delayed. In spite of these welcome improvements, regional disparities remain high in several respects.

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