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OECD Principles for Integrity in Public Procurement

image of OECD Principles for Integrity in Public Procurement
The OECD Principles for Integrity in Public Procurement are a ground-breaking instrument that promotes good governance in the entire procurement cycle, from needs assessment to contract management. Based on acknowledged good practices in OECD and non-member countries, they represent a significant step forward. They provide guidance for the implementation of international legal instruments developed within the framework of the OECD, as well as other organisations such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organisation and the European Union.

In addition to the Principles, this exhaustive publication includes a Checklist for implementing the framework throughout the entire public procurement cycle. It also gives a comprehensive map of risks that can help auditors prevent as well as  detect fraud and corruption. Finally, it features a useful case study on Morocco, where a pilot application of the Principles was carried out.

“The Checklist will help governments and agencies to develop more transparent, efficient procurement systems”

-Nicolas Raigorodsky, Under-secretary of Transparency Policies, Anticorruption Office, Argentina

“Public procurement is one of the most important public governance issues. Action is needed to ensure integrity by reducing bribery and corruption”

-Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD

“The general thrust and content of the document is commendable. Much of it tracks very closely to the United Nations Convention Against Corruption and the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law Model Law”

-Stuart Gilman, Head of the UN Global Programme Against Corruption and the Anticorruption Unit, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

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Transparency

Governments should ensure access to laws and regulations, judicial and/ or administrative decisions, standard contract clauses on public procurement, as well as to the actual means and processes by which specific procurements are defined, awarded and managed. Information on procurement opportunities should be disclosed as widely as possible in a consistent, timely and user-friendly manner, using the same channels and timeframe for all interested parties. Conditions for participation, such as selection and award criteria as well as the deadline for submission should be established in advance. In addition, they should be published so as to provide sufficient time for potential suppliers for the preparation of tenders and recorded in writing to ensure a level playing field. When using national preferences in public procurement, transparency on the existence of preferences or other discriminatory requirements also enables potential foreign suppliers to determine whether they have an interest in entering a specific procurement process. In projects that hold specific risks because of their value, complexity or sensitivity, a pre-posting of proposed tendering documents could provide an opportunity for potential suppliers to ask questions and provide feedback early in the process. This allows the identification and management of potential issues and concerns before the tendering.

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