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OECD Integrity Scan of Kazakhstan

Preventing Corruption for a Competitive Economy

image of OECD Integrity Scan of Kazakhstan

This report looks at how to curb corruption and build a more competitive economy in the Republic of Kazakhstan by assessing four crucial factors: governance, prevention, detection, and prosecution and recovery. In its analysis, it draws on good international practices as well as OECD instruments and tools in 15 policy areas: regulatory governance, competition policy, public financial management, development co-operation, public sector integrity, public procurement, tax administration and transparency, export credits, lobbying, whistleblower protection, business sector integrity, criminalising bribery, civil society, and media. The report provides recommendations for improving Kazakhstan’s laws and policies as well as effectively implementing them in each of these areas.

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Criminalising bribery in Kazakhstan

Criminal liability for bribery is a necessary element of any comprehensive anti corruption framework. The corruption of public officials undermines integrity of the public administration, affects social and economic development of the country, and erodes trust in public institutions. Criminalisation is one of the main tools to combat such serious wrongdoing as public corruption. This chapter provides an assessment of the actions taken to criminalise bribery in Kazakhstan. With a focus on the so-called active part of the bribery transaction (i.e. actions of the bribe-giver), this chapter analyses how the standards set by the OECD, United Nations and the Council of Europe’s binding international treaties are implemented in Kazakhstan.

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