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OECD Integrity Review of Mexico

Taking a Stronger Stance Against Corruption

image of OECD Integrity Review of Mexico

The OECD's Integrity Review of Mexico is one of the first peer reviews to apply the new 2017 Recommendation of the Council on Public Integrity. It assesses (i) the coherence and comprehensiveness of the evolving public integrity system; (ii) the extent to which Mexico’s new reforms cultivate a culture of integrity across the public sector; and (iii) the effectiveness of increasingly stringent accountability mechanisms. In addition, the Review includes a sectoral focus on public procurement, one of the largest areas of government spending in the country and is considered a high-risk government activity for fraud and corruption. The Review provides several proposals for strengthening institutional arrangements and improving vertical and horizontal co-ordination, closing remaining gaps in various existing legal/policy frameworks, instilling integrity values and ensuring the sustainability of reforms.

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Executive summary

Mexico’s newly established National Anti-corruption System (NACS), signed into law on 18 July 2016, has the potential to become a game-changer in the country’s fight against corruption. The package of laws creating the System - eight in total - mark a turning point in Mexico’s approach to anti-corruption policies, and aim to overcome some key shortcomings of the past by: 1) addressing fragmentation in policies and developing a more comprehensive and coherent approach to integrity; 2) avoiding notorious “implementation gaps” by improving co-ordination both across and between levels of government, and particularly by bringing states under the remit of the system; 3) strengthening enforcement mechanisms for investigating and sanctioning integrity breaches by public officials and firms under both administrative and criminal jurisdictions; and 4) reinforcing oversight through greater transparency, expanded auditing powers and greater involvement of civil society.

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