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OECD Integrity Review of Colombia

Investing in Integrity for Peace and Prosperity

image of OECD Integrity Review of Colombia

Integrity is crucial in order to ensure sustainable peace in Colombia. This report provides a focused analysis of Colombia’s integrity system, addressing existing gaps and elaborating policy recommendations on how to build a coherent public integrity system. The review pays special attention to improving co-ordination at the national level and with the regions, cultivating a culture of integrity in the public administration, and enabling effective accountability through internal control and risk management. It emphasises the priority of mainstreaming integrity policies in the processes and sectors related to the implementation of the Peace Agreement to prevent corruption and to contribute to the inclusive and sustainable development of the country.

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Foreword

Colombia is facing a crucial moment in its history. By signing the Peace Agreement in 2016 between the Government and the largest guerrilla group, Colombia brought to a formal end one of the longest civil wars in recent history and laid the basis for what the Nobel Committee called a “just peace”. The conflict lasted over five decades and caused immense suffering. It also damaged the credibility of state institutions, left deep scars in society and eroded the trust of the citizens in their government, especially in conflict-ridden rural areas. In the shadow of the conflict, systemic corruption, state capture and organised crime were able to spread and connect, further undermining the state’s legitimacy.

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