National Risk Assessments

A Cross Country Perspective

image of National Risk Assessments

This report provides a synthetic view of national risk assessments (NRAs) in twenty OECD Member countries. NRA are used to support risk management decisions in a rapidly changing global risk landscape characterized by increasingly complex, interconnected societies and highly mobile people, information and goods. The report highlights good governance practices in establishing NRAs and how the results are used to inform public policy. It identifies challenges that OECD Member countries continue to confront in their efforts to implement NRA, and makes concrete recommendations where improvements could still be made.



United States

The Strategic National Risk Assessment (SNRA) in the United States has a wide scope and covers in general terms natural hazards, terrorism, the use of weapons of mass destruction and cyber-attacks. The driving force behind the SNRA is the Presidential Policy Directive 8 (2011) which gives responsibility to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to act as lead agency. Stakeholder involvement in this process is high with an ethos of openness when appropriate given national security consideration. It is considered that there is a balance to be struck in making the process as transparent as possible for those who need to know such as planners and regional entities and protecting and ensuring security. The SNRA is therefore not available to the public at this time. National preparedness is seen as a shared responsibility at all levels of government with the integration of risk analysis across state, regional and local levels.


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