National Risk Assessments

A Cross Country Perspective

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This report provides a synthetic view of national risk assessments (NRAs) in twenty OECD Member countries. NRA are used to support risk management decisions in a rapidly changing global risk landscape characterized by increasingly complex, interconnected societies and highly mobile people, information and goods. The report highlights good governance practices in establishing NRAs and how the results are used to inform public policy. It identifies challenges that OECD Member countries continue to confront in their efforts to implement NRA, and makes concrete recommendations where improvements could still be made.




The development of the National Risk Assessment (NRA) in Spain was built around the revision of the National Security Strategy of 2013 and in accordance with legislative requirements namely the 2015 National Security Act. Governance arrangements in Spain, similar to many other countries, have taken the form of an all of government/all of society approach to risk in the context of the taking a global view of new and emerging threats, as well as existing well known threats with an integrated and co-ordinated plan of effective mitigation. The overall objective of a national risk assessment for Spain as set out in this chapter is to provide evidence-based advice to the Prime Minister and his/her office , to provide evidence based advice on the overall risk profile and to provide input to Spain’s National Security Strategy in accordance with legislation. At the time of writing, the NRA had not been brought to government due to transition arrangements.


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