National Risk Assessments

A Cross Country Perspective

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This report provides a synthetic view of national risk assessments (NRAs) in twenty OECD Member countries. NRA are used to support risk management decisions in a rapidly changing global risk landscape characterized by increasingly complex, interconnected societies and highly mobile people, information and goods. The report highlights good governance practices in establishing NRAs and how the results are used to inform public policy. It identifies challenges that OECD Member countries continue to confront in their efforts to implement NRA, and makes concrete recommendations where improvements could still be made.




This chapter on Finland’s National Risk Assessment outlines the actions that Finland has taken to overhaul its risk assessment process by putting in place an NRA in 2015. The governance framework is discussed in the context of senior level government leadership beginning at the Prime Minister’s office cascading down to ministerial responsibility by various departments with responsibility for emergency response. Synergies with neighbouring countries and the European Union methodologies are also discussed in the development of the NRA process as good practice and cross border requirement in the event of a national incident with cross border dimensions. Transparency and accountability is ensured by a collaborative approach at senior government level. This occurs on regional and local levels and with public and private entities although independent validation of the process has not taken place at the time of writing. Communication is facilitated by the involvement of a large number of stakeholders within the process. Public access to the NRA is currently restricted.


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