National Risk Assessments

A Cross Country Perspective

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This report provides a synthetic view of national risk assessments (NRAs) in twenty OECD Member countries. NRA are used to support risk management decisions in a rapidly changing global risk landscape characterized by increasingly complex, interconnected societies and highly mobile people, information and goods. The report highlights good governance practices in establishing NRAs and how the results are used to inform public policy. It identifies challenges that OECD Member countries continue to confront in their efforts to implement NRA, and makes concrete recommendations where improvements could still be made.



Executive summary

National risk assessments (NRA) identify and analyse risks that have consequences of national significance. NRA help inform decisions concerning the emergency situations that require the attention of policy makers at the centre of government. They cover the entire risk management process, from analysing preparedness for different types of national risks to putting society on notice about them, and as a result are an essential tool for supporting a country’s overall resilience. This report presents a unique overview of NRA across a range of countries. Part I provides a cross-country analysis distilling lessons from the use of NRA. It provides recommendations for countries that might wish to establish an NRA and can be a useful reference for countries seeking to reform their current practices. Part II of this report presents National Risk Assessment processes in 20 countries.


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