National Risk Assessments

A Cross Country Perspective

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This report provides a synthetic view of national risk assessments (NRAs) in twenty OECD Member countries. NRA are used to support risk management decisions in a rapidly changing global risk landscape characterized by increasingly complex, interconnected societies and highly mobile people, information and goods. The report highlights good governance practices in establishing NRAs and how the results are used to inform public policy. It identifies challenges that OECD Member countries continue to confront in their efforts to implement NRA, and makes concrete recommendations where improvements could still be made.




Estonia’s crisis management process is enshrined in the 2009 Emergency Act. The act functions as the legal basis for putting in place emergency planning policy and procedures including the national risk assessment methodology. The governance framework in Estonia comprises of committees at national, regional and local levels. This chapter outlines the overarching governance framework that applies in Estonia. Transparency and accountability is at present difficult to access as indicated in the chapter by virtue of the de-centralised nature of the risk assessment process. The chapter analyses how the risk assessment is carried out, and where (as in many countries) the hazard identification is based on past history of major emergencies. Communication to the public is achieved by the publication of a summary of the results of the risk assessment process, although the chapter discusses the fact that the NRA is primarily used as a tool to identify the need for incident management plans and to identify the most serious of risks that may affect Estonia.


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