National Risk Assessments

A Cross Country Perspective

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This report provides a synthetic view of national risk assessments (NRAs) in twenty OECD Member countries. NRA are used to support risk management decisions in a rapidly changing global risk landscape characterized by increasingly complex, interconnected societies and highly mobile people, information and goods. The report highlights good governance practices in establishing NRAs and how the results are used to inform public policy. It identifies challenges that OECD Member countries continue to confront in their efforts to implement NRA, and makes concrete recommendations where improvements could still be made.




Australia was one of the first countries to develop a standardised risk management approach to the identification of hazards. This chapter discusses the governance framework for risk management in Australia and the importance of the National Emergency Risk Assessment Guidelines (NERAG) which introduced the reform methodology for a top down bottom up approach to risk management. The chapter also discusses transparency and accountability in the context of the risk assessment process and the hazard identification approach initiated by the NERAG. Impact analysis, likelihood and plausibility analysis form part of the process with a standardised approach being provided. The NERAG also advises that likelihood calculations can be based on elements of probability within the overall approach. The chapter discusses risk evaluation monitoring and re-evaluation as part as the ongoing risk management process as well as the importance of using the national risk profile to raise awareness of risks.


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