Multi-level Governance Reforms

Overview of OECD Country Experiences

image of Multi-level Governance Reforms

This report provides an overview of “multi-level governance” reforms in OECD countries. It looks at institutional reforms, which reorganise powers, responsibilities and resources across levels of government, as well as territorial reforms, which address territorial structures, often modifying regional and local government administrative areas. The report describes the rationale for different reforms, their characteristics and outcomes, as well as the obstacles faced by governments in designing and implementing them. The success - and failure - of past reforms provide useful lessons that can be applied to future reform efforts. The report includes five case studies that take an in-depth look at countries that have undertaken considerable multi-level governance reforms: Finland, France, Italy, Japan and New Zealand.



Overview of institutional reforms

Reviewing and restructuring multi-level governance systems to produce more functional and effective governments are put forward in many OECD countries as an integral part of public sector reform. In fact the difficulties encountered in implementing successful changes in particular for the provision of essential goods and services (like regulation reforms, post-shock policies) reveal the importance of institutional settings and functioning and the need to adapt them to increase effectiveness of public policy.


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