Making Water Reform Happen in Mexico

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The report provides evidence-based assessment and policy recommendations in support of Mexico’s water reform. It analyses implementation bottlenecks and identifies good practices in four key areas considered as essential drivers for change in the water sector of Mexico: multi-level and river basin governance; economic efficiency and financial sustainability; and regulatory functions for water supply and sanitation.

This report is the result of a one-year policy dialogue between the OECD and Mexico, after the adoption of the 2030 Water Agenda as a strategic and long-term vision for Mexico’s water sector.

English Also available in: Spanish

Assessment and recommendations

In 2011, Mexico launched an ambitious 2030 Water Agenda to achieve, within the next 20 years, clean water bodies, balanced supply and demand for water, universal coverage and settlements safe from catastrophic floods. This strategic planning exercise shows clear political leadership on behalf of the Mexican government to design a long-term vision for the water sector. On the ground, though, making water reform happen is challenging, especially in Mexico where past experience has shown how difficult it can be to translate policy objectives into action. Although Mexico has a well-developed policy framework for water resource management in place, with a number of policy instruments and institutions, policy implementation is still uneven: 20 years after their creation, river basin councils are not fully operational, the regulatory framework for drinking water and sanitation is scattered across multiple actors and harmful subsidies in other sectors (energy, agriculture) work against water policy objectives. To round out Mexico’s policy framework, it is imperative to take action to increase water productivity and the cost-efficiency of water policies, address multi-level and river basin governance challenges (in particular to bridge inconsistencies between federal and basin priorities), sequence and prioritise reform needs, and support greater policy coherence with agriculture and energy.

English Also available in: Spanish

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