Lobbyists, Governments and Public Trust, Volume 1

Increasing Transparency through Legislation

image of Lobbyists, Governments and Public Trust, Volume 1

Lobbying can improve policy making by providing valuable insights and data, but it can also result in unfair advantages for vested interests if the process is opaque and standards are lax.‪‪ Lobbying is resource intensive. The financial services sector in the United States spent USD 3.4 billion lobbying the federal government between 1998 and 2008, principally promoting the deregulation of the financial sector. Legions of lobbyists provide “guns for hire” worldwide. In 2008, there were over 5 000 registered lobbyists in Canada at the national level, while the European Commission in Brussels had over 2 000 registered as of August 2009.


This report reviews the experiences of Australia, Canada, Hungary, Poland, the United Kingdom and the United States with government regulations designed to increase scrutiny for lobbying and lobbyists. Current approaches, models, trends and state-of-the-art solutions are examined to support a deeper understanding of the potential and limitations of existing norms.‪ ‪The report also presents building blocks for developing a framework for lobbying that meets public expectations for transparency, accountability and integrity

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Quebec's Experience

Developing a Legal Framework for Lobbying and Lobbyist Registration

This chapter outlines the regulation and monitoring of lobbying activities at the sub-national level. It reviews the solutions in place in Quebec for designing and implementing the Lobbying Transparency and Ethics Act. Sections address the following key questions: ? Why regulate lobbying? ? What activities should be considered lobbying and what should be covered by the regulation? ? What obligations are to be imposed, and on whom, in the context of a lobbying relationship? ? What type of control mechanisms are necessary to ensure compliance?

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