Illicit Trade

Converging Criminal Networks

image of Illicit Trade

This report assesses the magnitude, flows and drivers of illicit trade and the illegal economy including: narcotics, human trafficking, wildlife, sports betting, counterfeit medicines, alcohol and tobacco. The negative socio-economic impacts that these markets have in consumer countries are as worrisome as the goverance gaps that are exploited in source countries. This report examines each illicit sector in terms of the geographic sources, destinations and key trade routes, the current trend of infiltration by organized crime networks, and good practices or future policy solutions with which to combat illicit trade within the various sectors.



The size, impacts and drivers of illicit trade in alcohol

This chapter presents an assessment by industry stakeholders of the illicit trade in alcohol with a focus on spirits and beer. Transnational criminal networks profit from trafficking and illegal trade in alcoholic beverages, whether by evading the payment of duty on goods or dealing in otherwise unbranded products. It is estimated that billions of dollars from these activities flow through the global economy each year, distorting local economies, diminishing government and legitimate business revenues, and in some cases posing a serious health risk to consumers.


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