Illicit Trade

Converging Criminal Networks

image of Illicit Trade

This report assesses the magnitude, flows and drivers of illicit trade and the illegal economy including: narcotics, human trafficking, wildlife, sports betting, counterfeit medicines, alcohol and tobacco. The negative socio-economic impacts that these markets have in consumer countries are as worrisome as the goverance gaps that are exploited in source countries. This report examines each illicit sector in terms of the geographic sources, destinations and key trade routes, the current trend of infiltration by organized crime networks, and good practices or future policy solutions with which to combat illicit trade within the various sectors.



Illicit trade

Convergence of criminal networks

This chapter discusses the global characteristics of illicit trade, providing context about its growth, and highlighting expert estimates about such major sectors as trafficking in narcotics, persons, wildlife and several categories of counterfeit goods. It describes the policy implications of transnational organized crime as a lynchpin in the convergence of illegal markets, and outlines the challenges in current policy responses to reduce or deter illicit trade, and suggests how enhancement and leveraging of existing information sources could help efforts to counter this global scourge.


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